Located in the Midwest region, in the state of Goiás, the Federal District is one of 27 units of Brazil. In its territory is located the federal capital, Brasilia.
The Federal District is a different federal unit of the others, is not a state or a municipality. It is an autonomous territory, divided into administrative regions, which was designed in 1960 by President Juscelino Kubitschek, who moved the capital city of Rio de Janeiro to the center of the country.
The idea of moving the capital to the interior had already been suggested in the first republican constitution of Brazil, in 1891. It was believed that leave the capital on the coast would let it more vulnerable to foreign attacks and, as the Brazilian population had only focused on coastal strip, the interior of the country was sparsely populated and the transfer would force the displacement of the population.
Brasilia is a planned city, designed by Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer in the shape of an airplane. Its works began in 1956 under the leadership of Oscar Niemeyer, where more than thirty thousand workers built the city in 41 months. The inauguration took place on April 21, 1960, the date chosen in honor of Tiradentes.
Nowadays, Brasília is the seat of the three main branches of the Brazilian government and hosts 127 foreign embassies, also is considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, because of its architectural and urban whole.
In tourism, in addition to visiting the public buildings, the city also offers several options for ecotourism, as it is located over a thousand meters above sea level and has a number of green areas, such as Sarah Kubitschek Park, the National Park Brasilia, the Botanical Garden and the Ecological Park Burle Marx.