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Minas Gerais

Historic cities of Brazil

These were the very first cities in Brazil and made part of its history.

Nowadays, they are truly representatives of how this country was in the beginning of the XVIII century, particularly in the time of the Cycle of Gold, a very busy season for those newly established cities.

Discover all the history, traditions, culture, religiousness, typical food, music and way of life that they can offer!

Tiradentes – MG

Founded in 1702, when the Cycle of Gold was in expansion in Brazil, many natural resources was found in the city.

Already in 1889, after the proclamation of the Republic, Lieutenant Joaquim Jose da Silva Xavier (Tiradentes), once considered an enemy of the Empire, was transformed into a national hero and honored with the name of the beautiful city.

Offering a lot of history, gastronomy, handicraft, culture, ecotourism and tranquility, is difficult to define the city of Tiradentes briefly. Rightfully so, the charming mining town attracts so many visitors, who can check the many attractions and rides for all tastes. Each museum, church, street or square offers a different story, told by guides or residents who receive tourists with great hospitality.

During the visit Tiradentes, visitors notice as the city’s history is closely linked to political and economic events of colonial Brazil, the Brazil Empire and Brazil Republic.

 

© tiradentesvirtual.com/

Ouro Preto – MG

The Ouro Preto was founded in 1711 by pioneers through by the fusion of several camps, located in one of the main areas of the Cycle of Gold, records indicate that, only officially, was sent to Portugal 800 tons of gold in the XVIII century.

Ouro Preto became the most populous city in Latin America, with about 40 thousand people in 1730 and no other Brazilian city garnered so many relevant historical facts to the construction of the national memory as this municipality. For example, it was the headquarters of the revolutionary movement known as Inconfidência Mineira (Minas Conspiracy), where a ruling elite fought against the exploitation of gold in favor of better living conditions for the Brazilian people.

Because of the conservation of its colonial-style houses and Baroque architecture in churches and museums, in 1933 the city was elevated to National Heritage, subsequently declared a World Heritage Site.

 

© cidadebrasileira.brasilescola.uol.com.br/minas-gerais/historia-ouro-preto.htm
© ouropreto.mg.gov.br/historia

Mariana – MG

Founded in 1745 by order of the Lusitanian King Dom João V., the city had the name chosen in honor of his wife, Queen Maria Ana D’Austria. Mariana was the first village, city and capital of the state of Minas Gerais. In the XVII century, it was one of the largest producing cities of gold to the Portuguese Empire.

The city has a huge architectural heritage of Baroque, produced during the Colonial Brazil, and its urban design has straight streets and rectangular squares, which helps the tourist to locate themselves and makes the tour of the main points of the city easily done on foot.

As natural attractions, the city has many waterfalls and a dammed lake, in its surroundings there are many natural caves and a mountain to practice parachuting, the Pico da Cartucha.

 

© pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariana

Diamantina – MG

Diamantina was founded in 1713, with the construction of a chapel honoring the patron Saint Anthony, and had strong growth with the discovery of diamond mines, in 1729.

In 1938, the architectural ensemble of the Old Town was listed by the Heritage Institute for National Artistic and at the end of the 90s came the global recognition: Diamantina received the title of  UNESCO Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Currently, Diamantina is one of the historical cities most known and visited in the country. The colonial houses of baroque inspiration, the historic buildings, the secular churches, the beautiful natural landscape, the tourist circuit of Diamonds and a strong religious, folk and musical tradition impart a special uniqueness to the city.

One of the musical traditions is called seresta, an event where musicians perform at night, outdoors, at windows and old houses balconies, while the audience watches on the streets.

 

© pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamantina
© diamantina.mg.gov.br/o-municipio/historia-de-diamantina/

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